Hey everybody, AI what is that? How can I learn AI? In today’s article I will explain you what is Artificial Intelligence is all about?
So, without wasting any time let’s start our learning journey.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a very vast branch of computer science.
This large domain is primarily concerned with developing smart machines capable of performing complex tasks that generally require human intelligence.
As an interdisciplinary science, for example science that relates to more than one branch of knowledge, AI has multiple approaches and recent advancements in deep learning (DL) and machine learning (ML) are creating a major transformation in virtually every industry both technical as well as non-technical.
The Origin of Artificial Intelligence
Mathematician Alan Turing (1912-1954) was mainly responsible for breaking enigma (The nazi encryption machine during the second world war).
He invented a code deciphering machine known as The Bomb along with his colleague Gordon Welshman.
Toward the end of the second world war in the mid-1940s bomb helped decipher German Air Force signals and reduced the workload of code breakers significantly.
So, Touring made a huge contribution to the allies decisive victory in the second world war.
Alan Turing changed history one more time.
He posed the simple question:
Can machines think?
The fundamental goal and vision of AI were established by two developments in the 1950s.
The first one was touring’s paper computing machinery and intelligence in 1950.
The second one was the subsequent turing test. The term Artificial Intelligence was coined much later. John Mccarthy is considered the father of Artificial Intelligence.
On august 31, 1955 the term Artificial Intelligence was first coined in a proposal for a two-month ten-man study of Artificial Intelligence submitted by:
- John Mccarthy
- Dartmouth College
- Marvin Minsky
- Harvard university
- Nathaniel Rochester
- Claude Shannon (bell telephone laboratories)
Importance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Business
Artificial Intelligence is without a doubt one of the most incredible technologies.
The reason is not far to seek.
AI has transformed every business sector in modern society whether it’s healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, retail, finance education, media or customer service.
This technology presents businesses in every field with significant development opportunities.
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In fact, businesses of varying sizes have been quick to grab and exploit this technology to generate huge profits.
There’s no doubt that Artificial Intelligence plays a decisive role in the business universe today and the reason is AI technology is capable of learning and handling enormous amounts of information.
All this vast amount of information in turn will effectively enhance and transform business operations in different fields.
Many of the intelligence systems are powered by machine learning.
Artificial Intelligence essentially refers to multiple technologies that work in tandem to permit machines to sense learn and understand.
Importantly machines can be trained and they can act to augment human capabilities.
Artificial Intelligence generates business insights and helps leaders make smart decisions fast.
In today’s fast-paced economy, data is the most valuable resource in any business however business data will be utterly useless if decision makers cannot make any sense of it.
AI machines are accurate and fast at data processing they analyze enormous amounts of data in a few seconds and generate the most relevant answers to any business question and based on what they learn AI machines also offer accurate predictions regarding customers needs.
AI technology is simply exceptional.
In predictive analytics no human can match the speed and perfection of AI technology.
Why Should I become an AI expert?
According to Forbes, the share of jobs requiring AI skills has grown by a whopping 450 percent since 2013.
You simply cannot downplay the impact of AI on our day-to-day life and you cannot ignore the effects that AI will continue to have.
Let me mention a simple example.
Can you imagine spending a whole day without your smartphone?
Technology is processing today at a rate that has been unmatched before.
Some of the largest corporations worldwide strongly favor continued research in AI.
So, it’s inevitable that we’ll see the introduction of some incredible technology very soon.
Artificial Intelligence is versatile
AI is not limited to a few fields.
It plays a significant role in every industry on earth.
AI is applicable to virtually any industry and it delivers amazing results all the time.
For instance, let us consider path AI.
This is a technology that assists pathologists in the error rate reduction in cancer diagnosis.
Someday, it’s quite possible that a robot or machine will diagnose humans and detect their Ailment.
AI is working on such countless path-breaking projects.
So, it’s pretty evident that learning AI is crucial to your success regardless of your field.
AI Learning: The Upcoming Future
Learn AI before your job becomes obsolete.
AI and machines are expected to displace millions of jobs by the mid-2030s.
Almost half the jobs today is at high risk of automation in the near future.
This matter of impending job displacement has been the subject of several studies, surveys and policy papers since 2013.
In this context the career benefits of learning AI are obvious.
First of all, more and more jobs will shift from boring routine ones to more creative ones.
People will get effective training and critical thinking.
Since people will be working next to machines that lack creative abilities the use of reasoning skills will be of great importance and this will be exciting.
Relationship between AI, ML and DL
Frank Chen a venture capitalist provides a good overview of the best way to distinguish AI, ML and DL.
Artificial Intelligence is a set of algorithms and intelligence to try to mimic human intelligence machine learning is one of them and deep learning is one of those machine learning techniques.Frank Chen
This figure indicates the relationship between Artificial Intelligence, machine learning and deep learning clearly.
Let’s us learn AI, ML and DL in shorts words.
Micking the intelligence or behavioral pattern of humans or any other living entity.
You can think of Artificial Intelligence as comprising the entire computing technology universe that exhibits anything close resembling human intelligence.
A technique by which a computer can quote learn from data without using a complex set of different rules.
This approach is mainly based on training and model from data sets.
Machine learning is a subdivision of Artificial Intelligence application that learns by itself.
As the machine processes and digests more data it actually reprograms itself.
The machine then performs the particular task it’s designed to perform with progressively greater accuracy.
A technique to perform machine learning inspired by our brain’s own network of neurons.
Deep learning is a subdivision of machine learning applications.
In deep learning the machine teaches itself to perform a particular task with progressively greater accuracy.
The key feature of deep learning is that there is no human intervention.
Real world Applications of Artificial Intelligence
I have explained some examples of application that is programmed or made by the use of AI.
Let’s us see some of AI application examples.
The first thing that comes to your mind when you’re talking about Artificial Intelligence is smart cars.
Self driving cars are expected to dominate the automobile space in the near future and the demand for AI experts in this sector will also rise exponentially.
Self driving vehicles have the potential to avert accidents and save valuable human lives.
Smart cars will reduce emissions, reshape our cities, restore freedom of movement and possibly save billions of hours of time and smart cars will deliver safer more affordable more convenient and more accessible transportation.
Security and Essential services in Finance
The banking and finance sector plays a key role in our daily lives.
This sector is heavily dependent on Artificial Intelligence for essential services such as fraud detection, customer service, investment, routine transactions and more.
The automated email you receive from your bank after every online purchase is a simple example that’s AI keeping a close watch on your account at every step and trying to alert you of any fraud.
Also AI is being trained to scrutinize large samples of fraud data and discover a pattern so that customers can be warned before it happens to them.
E-Commerce AI driven algorithms
AI driven algorithms present online shoppers with a more personalized experience.
Their usage has not only driven up sales but also played a critical role in building loyal relationships with shoppers.
E-commerce stores exploit AI by developing chat bots to gather pivotal data and correctly predict purchases creating a customer-centric experience.
If you visit any reputed ecommerce store you’ll be amazed to find how fast the online shopping landscape is changing for the better.
Some of the benefits of AI for e-commerce entrepreneurs include:
AI in News, Entertainment and Social Media feeds
Virtually everyone spends some time every day on at least one social media site even if you’re living in a remote place.
You’ll have a tough time resisting the urge to check the latest social media feeds.
Almost everyone has their favorite social media platform whether it’s Facebook, snapchat Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, or any of the other social media apps.
The point I want to make is that most of the decisions made by a person who is using social media are being impacted by Artificial Intelligence.
AI In gaming industry
The video games market was worth almost 160 billion dollars in 2020.
This figure is up from the 152 billion in 2019.
The number of video gamers worldwide is expected to rise to over 3 billion by 2023 and the video gaming industry is one of the first ones to adopt AI technology.
In most of these games human players start against AI integrated robots then they go on to play with other human players.
Most often even in single-player mode a human will play against AI-powered bosses and in racing games humans will race against AI bots.
The demand for AI researchers and game designers has been rising steadily for the last several years.
AI in Healthcare
The healthcare industry has been one of the top adopters of AI technology.
The instantaneous number crunching power of AI and its ability to learn from historical data has been a critical factor in the healthcare industry.
Hence the use of AI technology has equipped the healthcare industry with a new dimension.
AI-powered machines have made diagnosis and disease detection easier.
Life for caregivers to elderly patients has also been eased considerably.
The most recent advancements made by AI technology have simplified routine patient management tasks.
The valuable assistance of automated bots and healthcare apps ensure timely medication and treatment of patients.
AI in Google Search
Google search is a common feature that most people use every day.
When you type a search term into the search box google makes recommendations for you as shown here.
This is AI in action.
A predictive search such as this one is based on the data collected by Google.
This data includes your location, profession, age and other personal details.
The search engine uses AI and tries to guess what you might be searching for.
AI in Navigation and Travel Sector
Most people use navigation mapping to arrive at their destination on time.
All maps whether it’s Google, Apple, Uber or Ola use Artificial Intelligence.
In fact, navigation providers use AI to pinpoint thousands of locations to present you with traffic information and real-time route and when you call a car service the company determines the car size and cost using AI-driven software.
AI in Agriculture
Agriculture is another sector in which AI technology has made a significant impact.
The rise in demand for food worldwide has meant that organizations are resorting to the use of automation and robotics technology more often.
The embedded AI helps farmers find more efficient and cost-effective ways to safeguard their crops from various unfavorable elements such as:
- Market fluctuations
Other grave concerns such as:
Population growth, Food shortage and climate change have pushed this sector into exploring innovative approaches to increase crop yield and exceed targeted production.
The most recent Artificial Intelligence developments such as excellent high density image recognition can pinpoint even minor flaws in the crops.
A farmer can capture an image on their smartphone and process it quickly to identify any defects.
Farmers are then provided with effective solutions such as soil restoration techniques and tips for the right pesticide to manage the identified defects.
The real world applications of AI are not limited to the ones discussed here. There are countless other real-world applications of Artificial Intelligence too.
It’s a widely accepted reality that AI is a trending technology that affects our daily lives.